Unique & Specialized Different Embroideries
Embroidery of India includes dozens of regional embroidery styles varying by different region. The Indian embroidery has a wide variety due to the use of different materials. The various types of Indian embroidery contain different aspects of regional specialty like Gold embroidery of Jaipur, known as ‘Gota-Work’, Kantha embroidery, Karchobi embroidery, Kashida embroidery, Kasuti embroidery, Kathi embroidery, Patti Ka Kaam etc. The most tedious form of Indian embroidery is the Zardozi workmanship. This form of embroidery uses metal thread instead of the usual silk or rayon. The fabric is usually of silk or velvet and is marked with the pattern and then the craftsman covers the pattern with metal thread embellishing it with stones or beads.
Kashmiri embroidery or Kashida is colorful. The workers often draw inspiration from the beautiful nature around. The colors are taken of flowers, creepers and chinar leaves, mango etc. The whole thing is created using one or two embroidery stitch styles. It is done on canvas base material with crystal threads. Pashmina and leather threads are also used in Kashmiri Embroidery.
2. Mirror Embroidery:
Mirror embroidery is the specialty of Gujarat state. It is never done alone, it is generally in combination with other types of stitches or embroideries. This embroidery is done with both large and small mirrors. This kind of work can be identified by its use of tiny mirrors with colorful threads that shape floral designs.
3. Zari Work:
Zari is gold, and Zardozi embroidery is the glitteringly ornate, heavily encrusted gold thread work practiced in Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Kashmir and Delhi. It is however synthetic or ‘tested’ zari embroidery. Metal ingots are melted and pressed through perforated steel sheets, to be converted into wires. They are then hammered to the required thinness. Plain wire is called Badla, and when wound round a thread, it is called Kasav. Smaller spangles are called Sitara, and tiny dots made of Badla are called Mukaish.
4. Kantha Embroidery:
It is the traditional form of embroidery of West Bengal and Odisha. It is running style of stitch. The embroidery is done on many layers of cloth. It is done on quilts, bedsheets, blankets, saris, salwar suits, stoles, napkins, etc. It is also known as Dorukha.
5. Chikankari Embroidery:
The state of Uttar Pradesh especially the city of Lucknow is considered to be the hub of Chikankari embroidery. Chikankari is derived from the word Chakeen that means elegant patterns on the fabric, which is a Persian word. Earlier it was done with white thread on muslin clothes. However now it is being done on various types of fabrics like cotton, linen nylon, georgette, chiffon and synthetic fabrics.
It is most famous thing that comes to the mind when you think of Punjab state. As the name suggests, Phulkari is the embroidery of flower motifs on fabric. Traditionally practiced by women of the house as a pastime, this embroidery is quite a unique one. The stitches are embroidered on the reverse of the cloth so that the design takes shape in the front. The fabric used is usually a hand-spun or natural-dyed khadi cloth. The contrast of bright colors on a lighter colored fabric is what makes this embroidery stand out.
India is very rich in terms of art and crafts because of different communities and culture of its people. The above list is just a glimpse of many types of embroidery art present in India, apparese.com caters some of them. These arts have acclaimed international fame and are in great demand in western countries.
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